What should I keep in my First Aid Kit and Why?

First Aid Kit
Having a well-equipped first-aid kit could make all the difference in a life-or-death situation at home or on the road. What should your first aid kit contain?

Personal Items:

If you suffer from a specific condition, it is wise to include your medication along with instructions in your first aid kit. Contact details of your regular doctor are also a good thing to include, as he can update emergency carers as to your specific needs.

Maintain your kit

Keep a checklist of what should be in your first aid kit and check it regularly so that it is well-stocked at all times. Check the expiry date of any medicines and replace them as necessary.

What and why?

Gauze dressings: Sterile gauze dressings (what gauze dressings are on youtube) in a variety of sizes can be applied to wounds to staunch bleeding and to keep wounds clean and free of infection. Your first aid box should have at least two of these.

Adhesive bandages in various sizes can be used to dress minor wounds or to secure gauze bandages. Have a good stock of these, as you will be using them frequently for minor mishaps (an unlucky accident).

Antibiotic ointment prevent and treat infection of wounds with antibiotic ointment.

Antiseptic wipes (antiseptic wipes on amazon) or liquid antiseptic and cotton wool are what is needed for cleaning wounds and preventing infection.

Aspirin (buy aspirin tablet at eurekadirect.co.uk) is what you need as a mild painkiller or to give relief from fevers.

A Space blanket: in severe accidents where extreme shock is suffered, the victim may go into hypothermia. Keep them warm to prevent this and to minimize the shock effect.(Buy space blanket on ebay)

Breathing barrier: at some time, you may be in a situation where mouth-to-moth resuscitation is needed. Protect your health and make your task easier with a breathing barrier or rescusitator (A resuscitator is a device using positive pressure to inflate the lungs of an unconscious person who is not breathing, in order to keep them oxygenated and alive).

Medical examination gloves: Although it is in our nature to help others in trouble, it is important to protect ourselves. Contact with another person's blood can transmit infectious diseases, so make use of surgical gloves (surgical gloves on amazon) when helping someone who is bleeding.

Scissors: You'll need this to cut bandages. They must be clean, sharp, and rust-free.

Tweezers: These are used to extract foreign objects from the skin and should be clean, easy to control for the user and rust-free.

Various sizes of bandages: Have a good stock of bandages suitable for bandaging various parts of the body, from fingers to head, arm or leg. Crepe bandages are useful for providing support after muscle injuries.

Triangular bandage: The triangular bandage can be folded and used as a normal bandage, can be applied as a bandage to the head or, most commonly, turned into a sling for injured arms.

Apart from these basics, a household first aid kit might contain:

Anti-histamine tablets are used to treat allergic reactions such as those that may be caused by bee stings. Even common hay fever is caused by allergic reactions, and, in moderation, these tablets can prove extremely helpful in controlling this.

Anti-histamine creams to treat insect bites, skin rashes or other skin irritations.

Anti-diarrhoea and anti-nausea medication: freely available over the counter, having these handy may give nearly instant relief from these unpleasant and potentially dangerous complaints.

Anti-inflammatories help with muscular pain and inflammation. A topical cream for muscular injuries can also help to alleviate suffering from cramps and strained muscles.

Burn ointment: burn wounds are nasty, and the best remedy is to hold them under cold running water, but at some point, you have to transport your patient to the hospital. Give them relief with burn ointment, and cover the wound lightly if at all as dressings tend to stick to burns.

A thermometer is useful, especially if there are children in the household. Children are especially prone to high fever, and these may even induce fits or prove fatal. Monitor the temperature of sick children carefully. Oral temperature at normal is 36.8 centigrade (98.2 Fahrenheit). A temperature of 41 centigrade (105,8 Fahrenheit) is considered to be a medical emergency. Higher temperatures may result in death.

First Aid instruction booklet: When we are actually in an emergency, our ability to reason clearly may be impaired. It's wise to keep a simple first aid instruction booklet so that you have something to refer to in emergencies.

To sum up:

Any household, any motorist should have a complete first aid kit handy at all times. It may be that it will one day help to save the life of a stranger, or someone you love or even yourself!

Where to buy first aid kits online in UK?

Buy on Amazon.co.uk at best prices

Go Back to Health Care for more

Edited by: Rajesh Bihani ( Find me on Google+ )

Disclaimer: The suggestions in the article(wherever applicable) are for informational purposes only. They are not intended as medical or any other type of advice